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I-Europe imemezela ubuchwepheshe obengeziwe bokuphepha kwezimoto

I-European Commission imemezele ukuthi isifinyelele isivumelwano sezepolitiki sesikhashana nePhalamende LaseYurophu kanye noMkhandlu WaseYurophu ukuphoqelela ubuchwepheshe obusha bokuphepha ezimotweni ezintsha kusukela ngo-2022.

Ngokusho kwe-General Safety Ordinance ebuyekeziwe, zonke izimoto zabagibeli, izimoto ezincane zezentengiselwano (LCVs), amaloli namabhasi afakwe izinhlelo zokuxwayisa abashayeli ngobuthongo nokuphazamiseka, okuhlanganisa ukuhlonza nokuvimbela ukuphazamiseka, kanye nemishini yokuvala utshwala ifakwe ukuvimbela ukudakwa. ukushayela.Ukwengeza, uhlelo lokuphepha oluhlehliswayo, uhlelo lwesignali yokumisa izimo eziphuthumayo kanye nerekhodi ledatha yomcimbi ngokusebenzisa izinzwa noma amakhamera.Ngaphezu kwalokho, kuhlelwe ukuthi kufakwe i-intelligent speed assist system ukuze abashayeli bangakwazi ukweqa isivinini esinqunyiwe emgwaqeni.

I-oda liphinde lidinge izimoto nezimoto ezilula zezentengiselwano ukuthi zifakwe uhlelo lokusiza ukugcina umzila njengejwayelekile, futhi udinga uhlelo oluthuthukisiwe lwamabhuleki oluphuthumayo kanye nesistimu yebhande lesihlalo esithuthukisiwe ngokwethula ukuhlolwa kokuvikela ukushayisana kwabagibeli bangaphambili ububanzi obugcwele.Lezi zimoto zizophinde zifakwe ukuvikelwa kwabahlezi eceleni kwepali kanye nezinhlelo zokuvikela indawo yabahamba ngezinyawo nekhanda lomgibeli.Ngaphezu kwalokho, lo myalo wenza nezidingo ezikhethekile zamaloli namabhasi ukuthuthukisa ukuphepha kwabasebenzisi bomgwaqo abasengozini ngokwenza ngcono umbono we-cab nokuqeda izindawo ezingaboni, futhi ufake uhlelo lokubona nokuxwayisa abantu ngaphambili nangaseceleni komgwaqo. imoto (ikakhulukazi lapho ijika).Ngaphezu kwalokho, zonke izimoto zezentengiselwano kumele zibe nesistimu yokuqapha umfutho wesondo.

Kodwa-ke, i-European Commission yabonisa ukuthi nakuba uhlelo olusha lobuchwepheshe bokuphepha luzosetshenziswa kusukela ku-2022, lezi zinhlinzeko zizosetshenziswa kamuva ngenxa yezinguquko ezidingekayo zesakhiwo semoto ukuze kuthuthukiswe insimu ebonakalayo yombono wamaloli namabhasi kanye nokuvikelwa komthelela wekhanda. izindawo zezimoto namaloli.

Ngesikhathi sesimemezelo, uKhomishana Wekhomishini YaseYurophu yezimakethe zangaphakathi, izimboni, amabhizinisi kanye namabhizinisi amancane naphakathi nendawo El?U-Bieta Bie ń Kowska uthe: “Abantu abangu-25000 balahlekelwa izimpilo zabo emigwaqweni yaseYurophu minyaka yonke.Izingozi eziningi zibangelwa amaphutha abantu.Singakwazi futhi kufanele sithathe izinyathelo zokuguqula lesi simo.Njengoba izici zokuphepha ezintsha ezithuthukisiwe ziba yimpoqo, singaba nomthelela omuhle njengalapho kwethulwa amabhande ezihlalo okokuqala.Eziningi zalezi zici ezintsha zisetshenzisiwe, ikakhulukazi eYurophu Ezimotweni ezisezingeni eliphezulu.Manje sithuthukisa ngokugcwele izinga lobuchwepheshe bokuphepha bezimoto, okuzovula indlela yokuthuthukiswa kwezimoto ezixhumene nokuxhumana nokushayela okuzenzakalelayo esikhathini esizayo.”

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngokusho kwe-European Automotive News, i-European Commission ilungise imithetho ehlobene nohlelo lokuhlola lwe-wlp ukuze kuvinjelwe izintuba ezingaba khona ekuxhashazweni abakhiqizi bezimoto.Lokhu kulungiswa kwethulwe ngoFebhuwari kulo nyaka, okudinga abakhiqizi bezimoto ukuthi bavule bonke ubuchwepheshe bokonga amandla esivivinyweni futhi basebenzise imodi yokukhetha umshayeli efanayo kumodeli ngayinye yokuhlola.Amaqembu anxenxayo "Ezokuthutha Nemvelo" (T & E) athi ngaphambi kokwethulwa kwezinqubo zokuhlola i-wltp ngoSepthemba 1 ngonyaka odlule, iKhomishana YaseYurophu yathola ukuthi abakhiqizi bezimoto basebenzisa imisebenzi ethile ekhulisa ukukhishwa kwegesi, engase isetshenziselwe ukwenza buthaka izinhloso zokunciphisa ukungcola esikhathini esizayo. .

Lesi sinyathelo samukelwe yi-European Association of Automobile manufacturers (ACEA), etshele u-ane esitatimendeni ukuthi ukulungiswa kwemithetho efanele kwenza inqubo yokuhlola i-wltp "iqine kakhulu futhi ingavimbela noma yikuphi ukuziphatha kokuhlola ukusebenza."

Injongo yokufakwa okuyisibopho kwe-EU kobunye bobuchwepheshe bakamuva bezokuphepha ukunciphisa ukufa nokulimala kwezingozi zabashayeli, abagibeli, abahamba ngezinyawo nabagibeli emigwaqweni yaseYurophu.Lena imithetho yezokuphepha evamile ye-EU kanye nemithetho yokuvikela abahamba ngezinyawo Njengengxenye yokubuyekezwa okubanzi.Lezi zimiso ezimbili zabonisana nababambiqhaza ngo-2017 mayelana nezinyathelo zokuthuthukisa ukuphepha kwezimoto zamanje futhi zasetshenziswa ngoMeyi 2018. Ngaphambilini, i-EU yafinyelela isivumelwano ngoFebhuwari sokuthuthukisa ukusebenza kahle kokulawulwa kokuphepha kwengqalasizinda yomgwaqo.

Ubuchwepheshe obuningi bezokuphepha obudingekayo njengezinga lezimoto bugxile ezintweni ezithinta abantu ezingozini;I-European Commission ithe u-90% wezingozi zomgwaqo ubangelwa amaphutha abantu.I-European Commission iphinde yathi ukwethulwa kwale misebenzi yokuphepha "kuzosiza abashayeli ukuthi bazijwayeze kancane kancane ohlelweni olusha lokusiza ukushayela" , okuzovula indlela yokwethulwa okuqhubekayo kokushayela ezimotweni esikhathini esizayo, "Izinga elikhulayo lokuzenzekelayo inamandla amakhulu okunxephezela amaphutha abantu futhi inikeza izixazululo ezintsha zokuhamba ezihambayo kubantu abadala nabakhubazekile ngokomzimba.Yonke le misebenzi izothuthukisa ukwethenjwa komphakathi kanye nokwamukeleka kwezimoto ezizishayelayo, okuzosekela uguquko ukusuka ekushayeleni okusizwayo ukuya ekushayeleni okuzenzakalelayo.”

Enye yezinhlelo eziyimpikiswano kakhulu ukwethulwa kohlelo oluhlakaniphile lokusiza isivinini ukuze kugcinwe isivinini semoto ngokunciphisa amandla enjini (nakuba kubikwa ukuthi isistimu ingakwazi ukukhava ngezindlela) .nakuba ngokungangabazeki kuyinto enhle ukukhawulela ijubane emkhawulweni ophezulu wejubane lomgwaqo kwezinye izimo, ngokombono womlobi, lezi zinhlelo azikho iziwula okwamanje.Ngaphezu kwalokho, iphinde icabange ukuthi abashayeli bazokwazi ngokugcwele ubungozi obubangelwa ukweqa umkhawulo wejubane, kunokuthembela kulolu hlelo.Lokhu kungase kube inkinga esimweni sezulu esibi kanye neminye imigwaqo kazwelonke elinganiselwe ngesivinini.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Sep-23-2021